1) LIVSTEADY™ Endurance Cycling Study
In the first clinical trial on LIVSTEADY™ for athletes, ten highly trained cyclists ingested either LIVSTEADY™ or Maltodextrin while providing blood and expired gas samples every 15 and 30 min, respectively, before, during, and after exercise. The major outcome variables were glucose, insulin, fatty acids, glycerol, and fat oxidation during and after exercise. There was a rapid increase in blood glucose immediately after the ingestion of Maltodextrin pre- and post-exercise, which was significantly attenuated by LIVSTEADY™.
In a similar manner, serum insulin levels were markedly higher after Maltodextrin compared to LIVSTEADY™. Peak insulin levels were more than 8-fold higher after ingestion of Maltodextrin compared to LIVSTEADY™.
LIVSTEADY™ was associated with greater fat breakdown during exercise and recovery as indicated by significantly increased serum non-esterified fatty acids and glycerol levels. There was also a trend for lower respiratory exchange ratios in the LIVSTEADY™ trial compared to Maltodextrin indicating increased oxidation of fat.
In summary, the findings from this carefully controlled experiment confirmed our belief that LIVSTEADY™ would significantly alter metabolic responses to exercise and promote more efficient utilization of fat while maintaining blood glucose levels.Read More
2) LIVSTEADY™ Endurance Running Study
The consumption of a single bolus of CHO beverage prior to a 3hr run elicits significant alterations in energy metabolism compared to just water, with slow CHO (LIVSTEADY™) burning significantly less total carbohydrate and more fat than a rapidly digested (Maltodextrin) carbohydrate. The LIVSTEADY™ CHO provided a more stable and consistent energy metabolism profile, in addition to the most stable glucose concentration during the run. These findings provide evidence that slow absorption CHO (LIVSTEADY™) provides consistent blood glucose and sustained exogenous energy supply during a sustained 3-hr endurance run when given in a single bolus.Read More
3) LIVSTEADY™ Soccer Skills Perfromance Study
The ingestion of LIVSTEADY™ in comparison with dextrose before and at halftime of a simulated soccer match attenuated the decline seen in soccer skills during the second half of the match and lowered RER throughout most of the match suggesting a possible carbohydrate sparing effect.Read More